No previous knowledge is needed. Related information to Open Scholarship can be found in the Open Research chapter, that also has a more detailed summary of the importance and motivation behind Open Scholarship.
Open research and its subcomponents fit under the umbrella of a broader concept - open scholarship [def]. Open scholarship aims to transform research by making it more reproducible, transparent, reusable, collaborative, accountable, and accessible to society. This chapter aims to give a brief overview of the multiple aspects of open scholarship.
Open Scholarship increases the impact of research as it reaches a wider audience, facilitates participation and collaboration in research and advances knowledge more effectively.