Checklist and Resources


  • Have a project that you collaborate on with at least one other person

  • Put the project on GitHub

  • Have project members regularly commit their work to this central repository

  • That project should have at least some tests

  • Write a ci.yml file which:

    • Must be inside .github/workflows

    • Define the name of the GitHub event that triggers the workflow using on key on the YMAL.

    • Defines a specific host machine on which to run the job using jobs and runs-on.

    • Includes code to install any dependencies required to run the project in a before_install step

    • Contains a script to run the project tests

  • Commit the ci.yml file to the project’s GitHub repository

  • Each time a new commit is pushed Travis will run the tests and return the results. If these report that a commit causes test/tests to fail then find and fix the problem as soon as possible

What to learn next

If you have not already read the testing chapter it is suggested to do so to learn more about the different kinds of tests and their benefits in order to make the most of CI.


Continuous integration: The process of regularly combining the work of project members into a centralised version. Also called CI. CI software typically runs tests on the integrated version of a project to identify conflicts and bugs introduced by the integration.

Build: A group of jobs. For example, a build might have two jobs, each of which tests a project with a different version of a programming language. A build finishes when all of its jobs are finished.

Computational environment: The environment where a project is run, including the operating system, the software installed on it, and the versions of both.

GitHub: A widely used version control platform.

GitHub Actions: It is a CI/CD service that runs on GitHub repos.

Workflows They are YAML files stored in the .github/workflows directory of a repository.

Action It is a package you can import and use in your workflow. GitHub provides an Actions Marketplace to find actions to use in workflows.

Job It is a virtual machine that runs a series of steps. Jobs are parallelized by default, but steps are sequential by default.

Practical Tutorials



Thanks to David Jones of the University of Sheffield RSE group for useful discussions.